Canada’s immigration policy aims to gradually increase immigration in order to strengthen the country’s economy, provide humanitarian assistance to refugees, and reunite families. There are three types of immigration to Canada:
• Economic class
• Family class
• Refugee class
The Economic class consists of immigrants who have been chosen for their ability to contribute to the Canadian economy, whether through;
• Owning or managing a business
• Making a substantial investment
• Creating their own job opportunities
• Meeting labour market demands
Immigrants sponsored by a permanent resident or a Canadian citizen is under the Family class. The goal is to reunite family members and couples in Canada so they can live together. These immigrants are usually granted permanent residence based on their relationship with one of the following people: partner, spouse, parents a child or grandparents.
A permanent residence permit was given to immigrants who feared persecution in their home country because of their race, religion, nationality, national origin, political opinion, or membership in a particular social group.
Additionally, those who have been profoundly impacted by;
• Has experienced a serious human rights violation
Low rates of economic and labour force growth are a result of Canada’s low birth rate and ageing population. Due to its slow economic growth, Canada finds it challenging to raise the taxes necessary to fund its social programmes, including healthcare and education. As a result, Canada’s immigration levels increased, which improved its financial situation.
The federal government publishes a new immigration Levels plan each year that details the goals for immigration over the following three years. This covers both the type and quantity of immigrants that Canada hopes to accept.
The federal Express Entry system is frequently used for economic class admissions to Canada. The CRS ranks eligible applicants, who are typically skilled workers, after they submit their resumes (Comprehensive Ranking System). The most qualified applicants with the highest scores are invited to apply for permanent residence every two weeks by IRCC (Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada).
the three programmes that are managed by the federal express entry system;
Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
• Skilled Trades Federal Class (FSTC)
The FSWP allows Canada to accept skilled workers from all over the world. It makes use of the CRS, a point-based system that is determined by;
• Work experience
• Language skills
The FSTC is an initiative aimed at addressing Canada’s labour shortage in trade occupations. Because it is not required for these candidates to demonstrate their level of education, their scores may be lower. The IRCC holds program-specific Express Entry draws on a regular basis, inviting only FTSP candidates. The successful candidates are granted permanent residence within six months of their application.
Finally, the CEC is intended for candidates who have previously worked in Canada and wish to become permanent residents.
Another spearheading option for immigrating to Canada as an experienced, skilled worker is the Provincial Nominee Program. The goal of the programme is to spread the benefits of immigration to Canada. As a result, territories and nearly all provinces use the PNP to attract and welcome skilled workers from all over the world to help strengthen the Canadian economy. Except for the exceptions of;
The province of Quebec, on the other hand, has its own selection criteria for economic immigration, which begins with candidates declaring their interest in immigrating to Quebec by submitting an expression of interest form.
The Family Class
The IRCC welcomes immigrants through family sponsorship. If you are a Canadian citizen or permanent resident, you can sponsor your foreign national spouse or partner to obtain Canadian permanent resident status. The sponsorship can continue whether the sponsored person lives in Canada or abroad because couples can choose between outland and inland sponsorships. As a sponsor, you must be able to support your partner or spouse both financially and by providing for the person’s basic needs. The IRCC wants proof that the relationship is genuine.
Additionally, a permanent resident of Canada may sponsor a dependent child to join them there. For a young child to qualify for sponsorship;
• They must be a Canadian citizen’s biological or adopted child.
• Not be married or in a common law relationship, and be under the age of 22.
The sponsor in spousal sponsorships is responsible for meeting the child’s essential needs. Permanent residents of Canada may also apply to sponsor their parents and grandparents for immigration. In accordance with this programme, grandparents and parents who immigrate to Canada are granted permanent residency and may eventually be eligible to apply for citizenship.
Sponsors must earn more than the minimum amount required for this programme, agree to financially support the sponsored, and agree to repay any social assistance benefits received by the sponsored member over a 20-year period. For this programme, applicants must attest that they meet the lowest income requirements.
People may enter Canada under the refugee category or for humanitarian reasons. Relocated refugees are immigrants who were selected by the UNHCR while they were outside of their country of origin and are given permanent residency in Canada. They receive protection from persecution, violations of human rights, and war from Canada. Additionally, refugees who arrive in Canada have the right to apply for asylum, and the Immigration and Refugee Board will grant those requests.
People who do not fit into the aforementioned stream but can make a strong argument on compassionate and humanitarian grounds might be given permanent residence in Canada.
To sum up, many people are eligible for citizenship under specific conditions thanks to the Canadian government. You could legally qualify to be a Canadian citizen if certain requirements are met.